The Johari Window sounds somewhat esoteric until you learn that it was devised by two men called Joseph and Harry. Despite this quaint naming it is, in fact, a very useful way of understanding something of how our self may be divided into four parts that we and others may or may not see. Thus you and I both see and can talk openly about this 'me' and gain a common view of who I am in this element.
Through the feedback process, we see ourselves as others see us.
Through feedback, other people also learn how we see them. Feedback gives information to a person or group either by verbal or nonverbal communication. The information you give tells others how their behavior affects you, how you feel, and what you perceive feedback and self-disclosure.
Feedback is also a reaction by others, usually in terms of their feelings and perceptions, telling you how your behavior affects them receiving feedback.
A model known as the Johari Window illustrates the process of giving and receiving feedback. Psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham developed the window for their group process program. Look at the model above as a communication window through which you give and receive information about yourself and others.
Look at the four panes in terms of columns and rows. The two columns represent the self; the two rows represent the group. Column one contains "things that I know about myself;" column two contains "things that I do not know about myself.
As a consequence of this movement, the size and shape of the panes within the window will vary. The first pane, the "Arena," contains things that I know about myself and about which the group knows. Characterized by free and open exchanges of information between myself and others, this behavior is public and available to everyone.
The Arena increases in size as the level of trust increases between individuals or between an individual and the group. Individuals share more information, particularly personally relevant information.
The second pane, the "Blind Spot," contains information that I do not know about myself but of which the group may know. As I begin to participate in the group, I am not aware of the information I communicate to the group.
The people in the group learn this information from my verbal cues, mannerisms, the way I say things, or the style in which I relate to others. For instance, I may not know that I always look away from a person when I talk The group learns this from me.
Pane three, the "Facade" or "Hidden Area," contains information that I know about myself but the group does not know. I keep these things hidden from them. I may fear that if the group knew my feelings, perceptions, and opinions about the group or the individuals in the group, they might reject, attack, or hurt me.
As a consequence, I withhold this information. Before taking the risk of telling the group something, I must know there are supportive elements in our group. I want group members to judge me positively when I reveal my feelings, thoughts, and reactions.
I must reveal something of myself to find out how members will react. On the other hand, I may keep certain information to myself so that I can manipulate or control others.
The fourth and last pane, the "Unknown," contains things that neither I nor the group knows about me. I may never become aware of material buried far below the surface in my unconscious area. The group and I may learn other material, though, through a feedback exchange among us.
This unknown area represents intrapersonal dynamics, early childhood memories, latent potentialities, and unrecognized resources.
The internal boundaries of this pane change depending on the amount of feedback sought and received. Knowing all about myself is extremely unlikely, and the unknown extension in the model represents the part of me that will always remain unknown the unconscious in Freudian terms.
Individual Goals Within a Group In a small group, each member can work toward an individual goal as well as the group's goal. For example, let's say that your goal is to decrease the size of your Blind Spot window-pane two.
In other words, you want to move the vertical line to the right in the window. The size of the Arena and Facade panes will increase as the size of the Blind Spot and Unknown panes decreases. The Blind Spot contains information the group knows about you, but you do not know.Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in the 's, calling it 'Johari' after combining their first names, Joe and Harry subject to the Johari Window analysis 'Others' - other people in the team The four Johari Window Like a window with four 'panes Standard representation 4 Unknown Area 3 Hidden Area Unknown 2 Blind Area 1.
4 panes created by Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham Open, Hidden, Blind, Unknown Panes purpose is to demonstrate how the size and proportion of the panes changes throughout a relationship. In , Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham, two American psychologists developed a model called the ‘Johari Window’.
‘Johari Window’ is a model for self-awareness, personal development, group development and understanding relationship. The Johari Window model was devised by American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in , while researching group dynamics at the University of California Los Angeles.
The model was first published in the Proceedings of the Western Training Laboratory in Group Development by UCLA Extension Office in , and was later expanded by. The Johari Window model was devised by American psychologists Joseph Luft and Harry Ingham in , while researching group dynamics at the University of California Los Angeles.
the Johari Window is based on a four-square grid - the Johari Window is like a window with four 'panes'. Here's how the Johari Window is normally shown, with .
Associated with the Johari Window, we can define four different personas, based on which 'self' is the largest for each individual. The Open Persona Someone with an open persona is both very self-aware (with a small blind self) and is quite happy to expose their self to others (a small private self).