Curriculum Development and PBL There is a plethora of literature on curriculum development in general and a myriad of curriculum development models of varying complexities. Curriculum development models can take a deductive approach or an inductive approach Tan,
We all grow and change through our lives. Each stage is characterized by a psychosocial crisis, in which an individual must experience before being fully developed.
Each crisis builds on the previous crisis in order to move on. The first crisis, trust vs. These infants rely on their parents for food, shelter, and love. If these needs are met, the infant will gradually start to trust their companions.
However, if the opposite has happened, the infant will develop mistrust towards people. The next crisis, autonomy vs. This stage focuses on the build up of their basic skills and their self-confidence.
After that, initiative vs. It focuses on how the pre-school children are using their basic skills to develop and achieve their goals.
The negative outcome of this crisis is that the individual may develop a sense of guilt when they take initiative to achieve the goals. This stage involves the children using their hands to learn such as making things, using tools, and acquiring the necessary skills to obtain success.
They will develop an industrious attitude if the requirements are met.
On the other hand, if it fails, the child will develop a sense of inferiority and feelings of inadequacy that may haunt them throughout life.
The next crisis on the list is identity vs. This time, the individual is beginning to have a concern on how they appear to others. In addition, a sense of identity must be achieved or else it will result in role confusion and doubts about sexual identity.
In the next crisis, intimacy vs. The following crisis, generatively vs. If this is not properly handled, the individual will experience stagnation. Once that crisis is resolved, the last one is integrity vs.
As I was reading over the eight steps, it surprised me on how the first five steps really relates to my life.
Looking back, the first crisis was really important.
This warm feeling brings us together that is inseparable. I still have a strong relationship with my parents so I guess they resolved the crisis without much difficulty.
During the second stage, I find it really intriguing because my parents gave me a sense of confidence where I can do anything. I remember the first time I was able to walk.
It was really exciting, because I was able to walk by myself without the help of my family members. It was their strength and their encouragement that allowed me to overcome the second crisis. The third stage was even better because I was able to go to school for the first time. My teachers and parents taught me many things at school as well at home.
I actually wanted to be an artist when I was young and there was this one incident that I will never forget. I was scribbling on paper with pencil crayons my parents bought for me. After I finished scribbling on the paper, I decided put my creation on the wall.
It was pretty fun, because I used different colours to decorate the wall. After my parents found out and disciplined me, I realized that it was wrong to draw on the wall. I was able to distinguish from what was right and what was wrong. The next crisis was important as well, because school was something that suddenly became important in my life.
It is where I was able to master my basic social and academic skills to assist me in the future. I wanted to succeed and live a happy life.
The next crisis is by far the hardest one to resolve. Once I stepped into high school, it was a completely different atmosphere that scared me for the first few days. Due to the fact that I moved to a new neighborhood, I felt that making new friends was my number one priority.
Appearance was very important to me when I first started my high school years.FOST PSS Manual 5 Acknowledgements The manual is a product of several years of experience by FOST in the provision of community-. Erikson's Psychosocial Development Theory Erik Erikson's psychosocial crisis life cycle model - the eight stages of human development.
Erikson's model of psychosocial development is a very significant, highly regarded and meaningful concept.
Critical Analysis on Erik Erikson’s Psychosocial Theory of Development _____ SUBMITTED BY Sumaira Ayub Roll # 09 BS (Hons.). Curriculum Development in Problem–Based LearningCurriculum Development and PBLPBL Curriculum PlanningExamples of PBL Curricula Source for information on Curriculum Development in Problem–Based Learning: Problem-Based Learning Innovation: Using Problems to Power Learning in the 21st Century dictionary.
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An eight stage theory of identity and psychosocial development. Erik Erikson, a German psychoanalyst heavily influenced by Sigmund Freud, explored three as Erikson’s Stages of Development.
Erikson believed that much of life is preparing for the middle adulthood stage and the last stage involves much reflection. As older adults, some.