In this essay we will discuss about Poverty in India. After reading this essay you will learn about: The Concept of Poverty 2.
As an aspect of social stratification and unequal social relationships, poverty represents a fundamental inequality in the distribution of resources, opportunity, and exposure to risk; and the risk of being poor is not equal across groups. Income is stratified by race, ethnicity, and gender, making poverty most prevalent among those groups who are already socially disadvantaged.
Research consistently finds that poverty exposes individuals to a host of physical and psychological problems that have enduring effects on their life chances.
The poor experience higher rates of mortality and poorer health as a result of stress, poor nutrition, hazardous jobs, limited access to health care, and low-quality housing; individuals report feelings of stress, powerlessness and shame at their inability to provide for themselves and the need to rely on others.
As poverty is multi-dimensional, it can be measured in many ways; income poverty is most commonly measured by comparing household income to an absolute or relative measure of poverty. However, what it means to be poor varies over time and by location; therefore poverty thresholds used in developing areas do not meaningfully describe poverty in more developed areas.
The US poverty standard, adopted inprovides a longstanding gauge of absolute poverty in the USA; while it is updated yearly to reflect inflation, some researchers argue that the poverty standard has fallen out of step with what it means to be poor as costs and trends in consumption have changed over time.
Whereas absolute measures illustrate social stratification, relative measures highlight income inequality. Used widely in Europe, relative thresholds measure poverty as percentage of median income, e. Relative measures move in step with economic trends and reflect changes in the standard of living; however, defining poverty as a measure of relative disadvantage, there will always be a segment of the population that is considered poor, regardless of actual levels of wealth.
When compared cross-nationally, the USA has high rates of both absolute and relative poverty, signaling a wide income disparity and real income inadequacy. Three factors, demographic changes, economic activity, and government transfers contribute to the size of the poverty population.
The central ethos of a capitalist market is to maximize profits and minimize wages, so employment alone may not provide sufficient resources for low-wage workers to escape poverty; in Scandinavian countries, strong safety net policies are effective in bridging the gap between earned income and the poverty line.
While cultural theories focus on individual behavior, other models assert the importance of structural factors and societal stratification, such as discrimination, segregation, and the availability of jobs in limiting opportunities to escape poverty. According to the World Bankthere are five keys to reducing poverty: Oxford University Press, Oxford.
This example Essay on Poverty is published for educational and informational purposes only. If you need a custom essay or research paper on this topic please use our writing services.Poverty and its effects on the society Essay Sample Poverty is a life long phenomenon that has been with us from historical times and has transcended through generations.
The word poverty canoes an undesirable state which individuals or groups may be experiencing and need some assistance in .
Outline I. Introduction A. Significance of the Study B. What is Poverty? C. History of Poverty in the Philippines D. Demographics of Poverty II. Entrenched.
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1. 1 Name: University: Course: Tutor: Date: Poverty & Inequality Poverty is the inability to afford the basic human wants. These include food and non-fooditems.. Argumentative Essay Topics On Poverty: 25 Interesting Questions If you are looking for 25 interesting questions to use as argumentative essay topics on poverty, consider the following examples: You can write about how poverty leads to a continually unhealthy lifestyle as one of 25 interesting questions to use as argumentative essay topics on. Poverty in Education Education is the most important tool that can be used to escape poverty. Many impoverished families survive because of government programs and assistance.
View this term paper on Poverty the Elimination of Poverty. UNESCO's perspective is less linear in its logic Armed with a vague and shifting understanding of.