Because this agreement was not respected by the Parthian Empire, in Trajan from Antiochia in Syria marched on Armenia and conquered the capital Artaxata.
A controversial hypothesis put forward by some scholars, such as T.
Ivanov, has proposed that the Indo-European homeland was around the Armenian Highland. Hamp in his Indo-European family tree, groups.
Ancient Greek scholars, such as Herodotus writing circa BCsuggest that the Phrygians of western Anatoliawho spoke an Indo-European language, had also made a contribution to the ethnogenesis of the Armenians: This appears to imply that some Phrygians migrated eastward to Armenia following the destruction of Phrygia by a Cimmerian invasion in the late 7th century BC.
Greek scholars also believed that the Phrygians had originated in the Balkansin an area adjoining Macedonia, from where they had emigrated to Anatolia many centuries earlier. Each of the aforementioned nations and tribes participated in the ethnogenesis of the Armenian people. Rest Fenner, published in The imperial reign of Tigranes the Great is The background of the nation of armenia the span of time during which Armenia itself conquered areas populated by other peoples.
The Arsacid Kingdom of Armeniaitself a branch of the Arsacid dynasty of Parthiawas the first state to adopt Christianity as its religion it had formerly been adherent to Armenian paganismwhich was influenced by Zoroastrianism while later on adopting a few elements regarding identification of its pantheon with Greco-Roman deities.
Armenia lost its sovereignty again in AD to the rivalling Byzantine and Sassanid Persian empires, until the Muslim conquest of Persia overran also the regions in which Armenians lived. A considerable portion of the Armenian nobility and peasantry fled the Byzantine occupation of Bagratid Armenia inand the subsequent invasion of the region by Seljuk Turks in They settled in large numbers in Ciliciaan Anatolian region where Armenians were already established as a minority since Roman times.
Inthey founded an independent Armenian Principality then Kingdom of Ciliciawhich became the focus of Armenian nationalism. The Armenians developed close social, cultural, military, and religious ties with nearby Crusader States but eventually succumbed to Mamluk invasions.
From the mid 16th century with the Peace of Amasyaand decisively from the first half of the 17th century with the Treaty of Zuhab until the first half of the 19th century,  Eastern Armenia was ruled by the successive Iranian Safavid, Afsharid and Qajar empires, while Western Armenia remained under Ottoman rule.
Modern history About 1. The ethnic cleansing of Armenians during the final years of the Ottoman Empire is widely considered a genocideresulting in an estimated 1. The first wave of persecution was in the years tothe second one culminating in the events of the Armenian Genocide in and With World War I in progress, the Ottoman Empire accused the Christian Armenians as liable to ally with Imperial Russiaand used it as a pretext to deal with the entire Armenian population as an enemy within their empire.
Governments of the Republic of Turkey since that time have consistently rejected charges of genocide, typically arguing either that those Armenians who died were simply in the way of a war, or that killings of Armenians were justified by their individual or collective support for the enemies of the Ottoman Empire.
Passage of legislation in various foreign countries, condemning the persecution of the Armenians as genocide, has often provoked diplomatic conflict. See Recognition of the Armenian Genocide Following the breakup of the Russian Empire in the aftermath of World War I for a brief period, from toArmenia was an independent republic.
Geographic distribution Armenian presence in the early 20th century: Armenia Armenians have had a presence in the Armenian Highland for over 4, years, since the time when Haykthe legendary patriarch and founder of the first Armenian nation, led them to victory over Bel of Babylon.
They, as well as the Armenians of Iran and Russia speak the Eastern dialect of the Armenian language. The country itself is secular as a result of Soviet domination, but most of its citizens identify themselves as Apostolic Armenian Christian.
Armenian population by country in thousands:To put it differently, the Armenian nation is named after Haik, while the country is names after the Armenian nation. Haik is also a very popular Armenian name for boys.
The common name of Hayastan for the foreigners is Armenia. Armenia prides itself on being the first nation to formally adopt Christianity (early 4th century). Despite periods of autonomy, over the centuries Armenia came under the sway of various empires including the Roman, Byzantine, Arab, Persian, and Ottoman.
Ad Policy. This was the scene on Monday, April 23, , at Republic Square in the center of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia. The people of this small former Soviet republic in the Caucasus had. Ad Policy. This was the scene on Monday, April 23, , at Republic Square in the center of Yerevan, the capital of Armenia.
The people of this small former Soviet republic in the Caucasus had. Stone tools from , years ago have been found in Armenia which indicate the presence of early humans at this time. In the s excavations in the Yerevan 1 Cave uncovered evidence of ancient human habitation, including the remains of a 48,year-old heart, and a human cranial fragment and tooth of a similar age.
History and Ethnic Relations Emergence of The Nation. Many prehistoric sites have been unearthed in and around Armenia, showing the existence of civilizations with advanced notions in agriculture, metallurgy, and industrial production, with diverse standardized manufacturing processes and pottery.