To understand diabetes, first you must understand how glucose is normally processed in the body.
Treatment and prevention Diabetes, or diabetes mellitus DMis a metabolic disorder in which the body cannot properly store and use sugar. It affects the body's ability to use glucose, a type of sugar found in the blood, as fuel. This happens because the body does not produce enough insulinor the cells do not correctly respond to insulin to use glucose as energy.
Insulin is a type of hormone produced by the pancreas to regulate how blood sugar becomes energy. An imbalance of insulin or resistance to insulin causes diabetes.
Diabetes is linked to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease, kidney disease, vision loss, neurological conditions, and damage to blood vessels and organs. There is type 1, type 2, and gestational diabetes. They have different causes and risk factors, and different lines of treatment.
This article will compare the similarities and differences of types 1 and 2 diabetes. Gestational diabetes occurs in pregnancy and typically resolves after childbirth. However, having gestational diabetes also increases the risk of developing type 2 diabetes after pregnancy, so patients are often screened for type 2 diabetes at a later date.
Fast facts on diabetes Type 1 diabetes is often hereditary and unpreventable. Type 2 diabetes is much more common than type 1. For every person with type 1 diabetes, 20 will have type 2. Type 2 can be hereditary, but excess weight, a lack of exercise and an unhealthy diet increase At least a third of people in the U.
Both types can lead to heart attackstrokenerve damage, kidney damage, and possible amputation of limbs.
Causes People with type 1 diabetes will require supplemental insulin on an ongoing basis. People with type 2 will likely only need this for the later stages of the condition.
In type 1 diabetes, the immune system mistakenly attacks the insulin-producing pancreatic beta cells. These cells are destroyed, reducing the body's ability to produce sufficient insulin and regulate blood glucose levels.
The body does not produce insulin, so the person needs supplemental insulin from the time they are diagnosed. It often affects children and young adults, and it can start suddenly. When type 2 diabetes starts, cells become resistant to the effects of insulin.
In time, the body stops producing enough insulin, and the body can no longer use glucose effectively. This means the cells cannot take up glucose, and glucose builds up in the blood. This is called insulin resistance. If blood glucose is always high, the cells will be overexposed to insulin.
They become less responsive or unresponsive to insulin. Symptoms may take years to appear, and people can often use medications, diet, and exercise from in the early stages to reduce the risk or slow the disease.
People in the early stage of type 2 diabetes do not need supplemental insulin, but as the disease progresses, this may be necessary to control blood glucose control and to survive. Type 2 often results from obesity and lifestyle and dietary factors, as well as medications and other issues.There are two major types of diabetes, called type 1 and type 2.
Type 1 diabetes was also formerly called insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), or juvenile-onset diabetes mellitus. In type 1 diabetes, the pancreas undergoes an autoimmune attack by the body itself, and is rendered incapable of making insulin.
Diabetes mellitus (DM), commonly referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic disorders in which there are high blood sugar levels over a prolonged period. Symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst, and increased hunger.
If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. Acute complications can include diabetic ketoacidosis, hyperosmolar hyperglycemic.
Type 2 diabetes — Comprehensive overview covers symptoms, treatment, prevention of this often weight-related condition.
See your doctor if you notice any type 2 diabetes symptoms. Glucose comes from two major sources: food and your liver. Type 2 diabetes is a chronic condition that affects your body’s use of glucose (a type of sugar you make from the carbohydrates you eat).
Glucose is the fuel your cells need to do their work. Learn about type 1 and type 2 diabetes symptoms, like fatigue, weight loss, excessive thirst or urination, infections and poor wound healing, and altered mental status.
Diabetes (Type 1 and Type 2) Quick Overview. Education about diabetes and its treatment is essential in all types of diabetes. When the patient is first diagnosed with. Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose).
Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues. It's also your brain's main source of fuel. The underlying cause of.