What did jacques benigne bossuet write about absolutism philosophy

Tuesday, July 13, Monarchist Profile: Although he has to a large extent fallen out of favor today, mostly because of his staunch defense of absolute monarchy, he is still known for that which he was best known in his own time; as one of the greatest Christian orators of his era.

Note from the Author: This essay was originally written in and published on Associated Content subsequently, Yahoo! Voices inwhere it received over 5, page views. To preserve a record of my writings following the shutdown of Yahoo!

what did jacques benigne bossuet write about absolutism philosophy

Voices inI have given this article a permanent presence on this page. This essay should be read as an exposition, not an endorsement, of Bossuet's views. For him, only God stands above the person of the king, and the king's authority cannot be challenged by any other human being.

According to Bossuet's treatise, "On the Nature and Properties of Royal Authority," the greatest crime is to attack the person of the king, since the king is not a mere man, but the representative of God on Earth, whose life individuals must guard above their own so as to obtain the grace of God.

Bossuet quotes biblical figures as stating that obedience to rulers is necessary so that those rulers may have the ability to exercise God's moral judgment on Earth.

Though Bossuet claims that kings are responsible to God for using their power to advance the public good, he twists this argument to justify absolute authority for kings, since no man should be able to intervene with the king's ability to pass judgment on matters of good and evil and thus be accountable to God for this judgment.

Because the king is directly accountable to God, according to Bossuet, he cannot be held liable to any man for his judgment.

Bossuet also compares a king to a father for his subjects, and thus grounds the belief in absolute authority in the Ten Commandments, which include obedience to one's parents.

He justifies a king's immense material power as a gift from God so that the king's attention would not need in theory to be occupied with the pursuit of further material gains, thus able to be directed for the public purpose that he was intended to fulfill by God.

Bossuet claims, moreover, that, though the king is vulnerable to God, he is vulnerable to God alone, and that it is not moral for mortal individuals to violate any royal command, no matter how unjust, or to resist a king's rule with anything but peaceful criticisms and prayers.

The king's divine purpose additionally justifies State intervention in religious matters, since enforcing God's purpose necessarily involves crushing "heathen" religions or ideologies, such as atheism, which doubt or reject God. Though the king, in Bossuet's view, was supposed to adhere to God's laws and be bound by Christian ethical considerations, there was, in practice, no way to ensure that this would happen, since the king's earthly rule was absolute and no mortal power could serve as a check against his ambitions.

Thus, Bossuet's theological defense of absolute monarchy essentially amounts to giving the monarch absolute free rein to do as he pleases. Gennady Stolyarov II G. Stolyarov II is an actuary, science-fiction novelist, independent philosophical essayist, poet, amateur mathematician, composer, and Editor-in-Chief of The Rational Argumentatora magazine championing the principles of reason, rights, and progress.

In DecemberMr. In an effort to assist the spread of rational ideas, Mr. Stolyarov published his articles on Associated Content subsequently the Yahoo! Contributor Network and Yahoo! Voices from until Yahoo!

Stolyarov held the highest Clout Level 10 possible on the Yahoo! Contributor Network and was one of its Page View Millionaires, with over 3, views.Jul 13,  · Monarchist Profile: Bishop Jacques Bossuet One of the most known religious defenders of monarchy, certainly in the Catholic Church, was the French bishop Jacques-Benigne Bossuet.

Although he has to a large extent fallen out of favor today, mostly because of his staunch defense of absolute monarchy, he is still known for that which he was best Author: The Mad Monarchist.

Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet, (born Sept. 25, , Dijon, Fr.—died April 12, , Paris), bishop who was the most eloquent and influential spokesman for the rights of the French church against papal authority.

He is now chiefly remembered for his literary works, including funeral panegyrics for great personages. Politique tirée des propres paroles de l'Écriture sainte (in English translation, Politics Drawn from the Very Words of Holy Scripture) is a work of political theory prepared by Jacques-Bénigne Bossuet as part of his duties as tutor for Louis XIV's heir apparent, Louis, le Grand Dauphin.

what did jacques benigne bossuet write about absolutism philosophy

Political theorists, like Bossuet and Hobbes, argued that absolutism was the best form of government. For Bossuet, this was because the power to keep the peace was handed down in .

Jacques Benigne Bossuet's "Treatise on Politics, Based on the Very Words of Holy Writ" () AP European History. STUDY.

Bossuet's writing reaffirmed the divine right of kings. Contract theory of government. Society was the result of an agreement between its members and government as arising out of a similar agreement.

The contract was. bossuet, jacques-b É nigne ( – ) BOSSUET, JACQUES-B É NIGNE ( – ), French cleric, preacher, political philosopher, theologian, and writer. Bossuet's father was a magistrate in the parlements of Burgundy and Metz.

Jacques-Benigne Bossuet's Defense of Absolute Monarchy () | The Rational Argumentator