Past constitutions[ edit ] Colonial era — [ edit ] Nigeria's first constitutions were enacted by order in council during the colonial erawhen the country was administered as a Crown Colony. The constitutions enacted during this period were those of which came into effect on 1 January,and In a new constitution was approved by Westminster and promulgated in Nigeria.
Messenger Nigeria is just around the corner from what many believe will be the most closely contested presidential election in its history. In a country plagued by corruption and insecurity, his reputation for probity and his experience as a retired military officer and former military head of state have led opposition political parties to coalesce around him.
How has a year-old man who was overthrown in a military coup nearly 30 years ago managed not only to re-emerge, but to get to the very threshold of power? Rising star Buhari had his first taste of government inwhen he and other middle-ranking army officers overthrew the military head of state, General Yakubu Gowon, in a bloodless coup.
Buhari was soon appointed military governor of the North-Eastern State. The zenith of his anti-corruption campaign was an extraordinary incident in which a former minister of transport, Umaru Dikko who had fled to Britain in order to evade arrest by the military government was kidnapped while walking on a London street in broad daylight and stuffed into a crate in a bizarre attempt to forcibly return him to Nigeria to face trial for corruption.
Full diplomatic relations were not restored until years after Buhari was overthrown by yet another military coup on August 27, They recall that his government arrested and detained critics without trial, executed convicted drug dealers by firing squad, and approved incredibly lengthy prison sentences for government ministers convicted of corruption including some prison sentences that exceeded a hundred years.
Although most Nigeria rulers are routinely accused of corruption, rarely are those accusations leveled at Buhari. After being overthrown he maintained his reputation for honesty and for refusing to use the public purse to line his pockets, unlike many other Nigerian politicians.
Corruption allegations have dogged the government ; it has also struggled to respond to the deadly Boko Haram insurgency, which has killed over 10, Nigerians and displaced 1.
Nigeria has come full circle. And whatever advances have been made against the jihadist group, Goodluck Jonathan simply cannot pretend to have better security or anti-corruption credentials than a disciplinarian general such as Buhari. Still, now is hardly a great time to be the Nigerian president.
If Buhari wins the election he will be handed a platter of diabolical problems. Besides the murderous insurgency in the north-east, he will have several burned diplomatic bridges to repair, and an economy hobbled by a sharp drop in world oil prices.
Steady hand Buhari is by nature decisive, resolute and firm — almost to a fault. That resolute temperament means Buhari is unlikely to seek a negotiated peace with militants, and may not shy away from simultaneous confrontations with armed insurgents in the north and south of Nigeria.
Buhari running in Younger, more reformist APC members now backing him are also likely to wield significant influence over his economic and social policies.
Meanwhile, although Buhari will be expected to fight corruption as a top priority, he may not go as far as some would hope.
After all, he was overthrown in precisely because his anti-corruption crusade rocked too many boats and stepped on too many powerful toes. A Buhari victory cannot be taken for granted: Many Nigerians recall his previous regime with dread, and fear that he will be an uncompromising and repressive leader.
In some ways the election is a chance for the electorate to demonstrate who it most dislikes, rather than who it likes. If he loses a fourth successive presidential election, no party is likely back him ever again.The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Nigeria has had a series of constitutions. The current constitution was enacted .
- Corruption can be defined as the use of entrusted power to accumulate public wealthy for personal benefit.
Corruption is not peculiar to any country, continent or state; it is sure a global issue which is an endemic to all government all over the world. Nov 25, · An analysis of the anti-graft/anti-corruption laws in Nigeria shows that corruption will continue in spite of the law because the perpetrators do not fear any consequences (Oyinola ).
In , Transparency International again deemed Nigeria one of the most corrupt nations in the world again (Uzochukwu ).Reviews: The Constitution of Nigeria is the supreme law of the Federal Republic of Nigeria.
Nigeria has had a series of constitutions. The current constitution was enacted on 29 May , inaugurating the Nigerian Fourth Republic Past constitutions Colonial era (–) Nigeria's first constitutions were enacted by order.
Welcome! Log into your account. your username. your password. Annual Survey of International & Comparative Law Volume 14|Issue 1 Article 6 Combating Corruption in Nigeria: A Critical Appraisal of .